Archive for the ‘Legal and Ethical Issues in IT’ Category

11
Apr

Plagiarism

Posted By admin in IT, Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

I remembered one professor ever told me that a successful thesis blends hundreds of papers and your own ideas together. Of course, the prerequisite is proper cited works. During a team project, the plagiarism could happen on our teammates. One way to find out if our teammates plagiarize other people’s work or not is to use plagiarism inspection software such as SafeAssign. The program would automatically compare our works with the Internet, academic articles and global reference database. Through the estimated matching percentage and sources, it is not difficult to tell which part of our works is plagiarism. However, it is much better if we could prevent the plagiarism before we turn in our project.

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11
Apr

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Posted By admin in E-Business, IT, Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

In order to process righteous and ethical research, it is important to have the approval from Institutional Review Board (IRB). There are several steps for IRB review:

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19
Mar

The Protection of Software Manufacturers

Posted By admin in Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

The best way for the protection of any new software product is the law. First, software manufacturers should apply to obtain the intellectual property patent from the related government apparatus (wisdom wealth bureau) when any of their research or development belongs to their own intellectual property. Besides, software manufacturers have to apply for the international patents in order to be protected by the international laws. For example, Foxconn Electronics Inc. has more than 7,000 patents in the field of coupling industry. Those patents effectively impede potential competitors from entering the market.

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19
Mar

Recent Patent Disputes

Posted By admin in Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

The patent disputes about electronic industry between Japan and Korea have been increased rapidly these years. The competition between those large enterprises is the primary reason. Here are several cases happened from 2004 to 2008: Japanese Toshiba Corporation filed the charge in the US and Japan accusing South Korea’s Hynix Semiconductor of encroaching on the memory chip related patent. Before that, Japanese Panasonic also filed the charge in Japan accusing LG Electron of encroaching on the plasma monitor board patent and requested the court to forbid LG Electron to sell plasma monitor board in Japanese. Meanwhile, LG Electron made the countersuit immediately.

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19
Mar

Intellectual Property? Free Competition? or Social Benefits?

Posted By admin in IT, Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

Because free competition is the fundamental principle to support the US economic system, all the US companies are able to engage in any production, marketing, or service in any open environment. However, any business tort will be penalized by intellectual property laws.

While intellectual property is protected by laws, the government also has to prevent the business that owns intellectual property rights from monopolizing the market. For many years the US has put the intellectual property rights (specially is patent) under the surveillance of the fair trade laws. It gives the balance between IP rights and free competition. The developers of a new product or an idea have right to apply for patent, but they also have to agree to transfer the patent to other manufacturers when the market demand increases.

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